About Dies

die is a specialized tool used in manufacturing industries to cut or shape material mostly using a press. Like molds, dies are generally customized to the item they are used to create. Products made with dies range from simple paper clips to complex pieces used in advanced technology.

Forming dies were typically made by tool and die makers and put into production after mounting into a press. The die was a metal block that was used for forming materials like sheet metal and plastic. For the vacuum forming of plastic sheet only a single form was used, typically to form transparent plastic containers (called blister packs) for merchandise. Vacuum forming was considered a simple molding thermoforming process but uses the same principles as die forming. For the forming of sheet metal, such as automobile body parts, two parts may be used: one, called the punch, performed the stretching, bending, and/or blanking operation, while another part that was called the die block securely clamps the workpiece and provided similar stretching, bending, and/or blanking operation. The workpiece may pass through several stages using different tools or operations to obtain the final form. In the case of an automotive component, there was usually be a shearing operation after the main forming was done and then additional crimping or rolling operations to ensure that all sharp edges were hidden and to add rigidity to the panel.

The main components for die In a hole toolsets are:

  • Die block – This is the main part that all the other parts are attached to.
  • Punch plate – This part holds and supports the different punches in place.
  • Blank punch – This part along with the blank die produces the blanked part.
  • Pierce punch – This part along with the pierce die removes parts from the blanked finished part.
  • Stripper plate – This is used to hold the material down on the blank/pierce die and strip the material off the punches.
  • Pilot – This will help to place the sheet accurately for the next stage of operation.
  • Guide, back gauge, or finger stop – These parts are all used to make sure that the material being worked on always goes in the same position, within the die, as the last one.
  • Setting (stop) block – This part is used to control the depth that the punch goes into the die.
  • Blanking dies in a hole – See blanking punch
  • Pierce die in a hole– See pierce punch.
  • Shank – used to hold in the presses. it should be aligned and situated at the center of gravity of the plate.
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